Click on above image to see and here Guy Swanson and Burt Bock at the Ada, Ohio Seminar.


Lake Erie and The Palouse Clean Up.
The Roots of No-tillage and Fertilizer




Click Here, Gangwish Seed Farm, Shelton, NE. Mustang Tool Bar on 15 inch by 30 feet.












The lava flows from the Dike Fissures are shown in this Snake River Canyon view. Multiple layers of Basalt can be counted.
Dike Fissures are formed as large cracks in the earth’s mantle that allows molten lava to flow out to the surface and flow up to 100 miles.

On top of these basalt flows that had cooled came the current geological event.
The explosions of the Strato-Volcanoes delivering ash and turning building the Palouse Wheatland Soils.
Professor Nick Zenter, CWU.

Lower Granite Dam provides navigation to Lewiston, Idaho. More dams are planned but when?

·        True Story, “Going 900 miles and climbing up 6,547 feet and we are in our Idaho home”.

·        Sockeye salmon heading home discover that number 8, Lower Granite Dam is the last dam.

·        At 752 feet above sea level, this is about half way after climbing and jumping ladders over 7 Columbia and Snake River Dams.

·        Lower Monumental is about half way to Redfish Lake (6,547 ft) in Idaho Sawtooth Range of the winter paradise Sun Valley, Idaho.


Winter moisture can be stored in the snow pack at elevations of 1,500 feet to 13,500 feet. At elevations below 3,500 feet to 1,500 feet, the snow pack slowly perks into the soil.   
High quality white pine forests grow well with the volcanic ash.  
The primordial forests are removed with logging railroads and river log drives to move the timber in the spring runoff.   

Has the problem been Identified?  

                                    How are the two regions similar? 

                                                                            Who has the money to help?

  1. No-tillage is required to implement Rotational Band Loading to improve phosphate efficiency, along with NPKS, Micros.
  2. Avoid the surface run off, concentrate the nutrients into bands. NPKS plus micros, Hide the fertilizer, Fertilizer Placement deep banded to 7 to 8 inch depths without tillage.
  3. Always, Adjust soil pH to 6.8 to 7.4, requiring less fertilizer to be placed deep.
  4. Add one additional deep rooted crop.
  5. Consider more intense cover cropping.


Stopping Tillage Is Critical,

                        Protect the Resource,  

                                      Producers Must Overcome Gravity.

                                                                Making Money All The Way.


1968 The last moldboard plow tillage event. Plowing in Anhydrous Ammonia was a fall event.
In the Big Inning.

Fall of 1973 was the first 160 acre start in low yielding conventional standing spring wheat stubble with a double disc drill IH# 510 and a shank ammonia applicator in low residue.  

“Old Yeller” No-tillage gets it start in October of 1974 with 9 inch spacing.


Steptoe Butte, “Old Yeller” and a Jimmypillar D6, 4R-035, introduce farmers of Eastern Washington to No-till
 October of 1974.

Lyle Nagle, a weed warrior at WSU, and a long term friend coaches Mort about two materials, sulfasate and glyphosate…these are numbered materials…one of which is to become Roundup.
Mort goes to Hawaii and meets Frank Lessiter that fall. Wheatland enthusiasm improves with the Russian wheat grab. Guy says in the August of 1974 “The dead line is too tight, I cannot get the heat treated Pohl springs built in time, lets apply opener ride control with hydraulic cylinders with an adjustable bypass.”
Mort famous saying arrives, “Son, Everything has got to roll. If you cannot buy it, you have got to build it”


1975 to 1977, The next few years went by with 8 more advanced thinking farmers. These farmers in their 40’s and 50’s have a vision with a Comfort King Drill and going No-till from 1974 to 1978.

Farmers like Koenig, Druffel, Cochran, Miller, Stueckle, Johnson, Brown, Arland, Schulthies and Seal.
WSU builds the USDA II drill with Morts opener design. Verlan Cochran discovers that this opener works well.
Hydraulic cylinders apply down pressure to the openers.
Some producers own 2 of the Comfort King drills. The 12 foot 9 inch spacing has 17 heavy duty framed openers on 9 inch centers.


In 1975 to 1977, A Comfort King Drill is a copy of “Old Yeller” to a certain degree.

A 3 box design, 8,000 lbs. of Ammonium Nitrate is being loaded in the front box. 34-0-0 is surface applied at 300 lbs. per acre of AN. The meter is a Barber screw.
The center box is for seed with Double Runs from John Deere, 66 bushel of seed. 3,960 lbs. of Certified winter wheat seed.

The 3rd box or the back box has a Barber screw and is for starter seed row ammonium phosphate sulfate or 16-20-0-14S. 3,600 lbs. of starter dry fertilizer.
The machine weighed 12,000 to 14,000 lbs. empty and doubled its weight when loaded.
The machines were considered monsters of the Palouse, the Caterpillar tractors D6, D-5, D6C and D-6C-LGP handled the machine with positive tongue load.

The Mort Swanson, Offset Leading Double Disc opener coulter blades metered the seed as it was released into the soil slot.  
The opener design was and still is,  very big deal as the leading blade was able to cut like a plow coulter and seed at high speed with perfect seed release to the bottom of the row.

The ¼ inch double edged, salt quench, high quality carbon blades were 28 inch in diameter.
Timken bearing kits were developed to replace the ball bearing hubs of the initial run.
The steep slopes required Timken bearings like the original “Old Yeller”.


At Col., Washington, 1975, A winter wheat on winter planting. Top dressed with Ammonium Nitrate. 

A Col., Washington, Remember the 1973 start of No-till was Winter Wheat on Spring Wheat, In low residue with Fertilizer placement of Anhydrous Ammonia.  

The John Deere moldboard plow helped invent this machine.  

  • Plow coulters at 22 inch diameter were offset and conjoined  in compound angles supported by outside supporting members.
  • A very steep and compounded angle allowed superior penetration
  • A special seed tube made seed metering possible with the blades.
  • This was a practical and simplistic and time proven component design.   

A leap of faith.
Many fertilizer dealers and certain plowboys thought Mort had lost his marbles in the divorce.
Guy knew he was always true and right to the cause.

It was a wake up moment for scientists at WSU, ARS, U of I and Oregon State.
These WW2 vets were not going to take no for an answer. No-till was going to work.
“We are in the business saving soil every year and making top yields every year”.

From 1978 to 1980 the needs change.
Machinery and Chemicals improve to allow for more No-till efficiency and highest yields.


Surface application of commercial fertilizer comes to an end.

Yields go way up and weed control becomes much easier.
Soil loss actually becomes a soil increase in 1980 as No-till wins broad scale approval with Yielder Drills.
All fertilizer types including Anhydrous Ammonia can be applied No-till.  


Let’s look at the problem and how it was solved.

1.      Plant Breeding re-focused on No-tillage. Better rotations were developed.
2.      No-tillage Machinery was correctly developed to deep band all nutrients at time of seeding.
3.      The crops remained Non-GMO for export and direct human consumption.
4.      The Fertilizer type was readjusted and greatly improved with uniformity.

Did the Federal Government Need Help? The University System needed help from the Federal Government.


A No-till Rotational Grid in 14 different crops. Spring Canola, Argentine and Polish going reproductive.


Plant Breeders hold the key, is there a better crop?Jack Brown, University of Idaho, Spring and Winter Canola, Winter Rapeseed and Mustard Breeding Program.


Raising a better crop with deep roots and fumigation qualities. The plant breeders finally develop a viable Hybrid Winter Canola replacing Dwarf Essex.


Washington State’s wealthy agriculture production area is driven by the Gravity of volcanism, wind, fire, snow, ice, and water.  

Wind blow loess soils provide deep soil depths.  

Ice provides the Great Missoula Floods. 

Lava flows provide the base rock from the Dike Fissures or cracks in the earth’s mantle. 

Volcanoes are able to deliver ash from Northern California to British Columbia from 15 identifiable Strato Volcanoes.   

The Columbian and Snake Rivers provide more than enough water to irrigate and make power.  

Winter moisture can be stored in the snow pack at elevations of 1,500 feet to 13,500 feet. At elevations below 3,500 feet to 1,500 the snow pack slowly perks into the soil.  

High quality white pine forests grow well with the volcanic ash.  
The primordial forests are removed with logging railroads and river log drives to move the timber in the spring runoff.  


The original lay of the land was tall grassland ( Big Blue Stem and Bunch Grass) across the Palouse with an intermingle of timber in moist areas at rainfall patterns above 14 inches to 25 inches annually.  

Above 25 inches of annual rainfall  the elevation 2,750 feet the flora changed and became primarily timber. The Dike Fissure Lava Flows obviously provided an ideal landscaper for Volcanic ash to overlay the hard rock.


Along the Palouse River Canyon. Facing south and east at 2,415 ft. elev. A No-tillage farm since 1974, 400 acres, Granny’s Pad. 

No-tillage Winter Rape, established on Chemical Fallow, Fall Sprayed, Well established with water injection and allowing a November application with PPG-Chemhoe-135 FL. ( IPC and Sevin or Propham and Sevin.) 

A total cleanup of grassy weeds for the years of No-tillage top dressed nitrate with “Old Yeller”. 

Circa July, 1984, Harvest of Dwarf Essex, Winter Rapeseed, under contract with George F Brocke and Sons, Yields in the 110 to 120 bushel range at 50 lbs. per bushel.  

Deep band placement of nutrients between seed rows. Seeded in July, 1983 with a Yielder 5/15  inch Paired row Spacing Drill, 2015-001.  Water Injection in July 1983 Seeding at 150 gallons per acre.


July, 1984, Palouse River Canyon, Washington State. Dwarf Essex, Winter Rapeseed.  

Along the Palouse River, In sight of the western Slope of the Rocky Mountains is a community of 1,100 people. This is Palouse, Washington. July 1984.  

The resource of the area, Grain Farming, Timber, Education and large machinery for mining, defense and canal construction, RA Hanson Co which was started in the Palouse Hills building combine leveling equipment.  

The Palouse River canyon has basalt cliffs that were developed from Flood Lava Flows forming up basalt beds traveling hundreds of miles from Dike Fissures in the earth’s mantle.  

The underlying rock geology from 1 to 2 miles deep comes from Flood Basalts laying over older granitic mountains. The 100 feet to 150 feet deep overlay of volcanic ash comes from the Cascade Range, The Cascade Strato Volcanoes which made a delivery of volcanic ash hundreds of times, with the latest delivery being 2 inches of gray volcanic ash in May of 1980. The soil is arranged in array of folds and drifts of volcanic ash in varying depths. The soils store winter moisture.  

The story is further explained by geologist as the “Palouse Problem”.  Yet today the Palouse Country is home to two Land Grant Universities that are still trying to figure it out.  


The area is known for very steep 45% to 65% compound angle slopes. Specialized planting and harvesting equipment is needed.  
The Palouse is the home of the first true No-tillage top dress and deep fertilizer placement No-till drills.




Great residue loaded with soil fumigating Glucosinolates from stems leaves and pods of Winter Rapeseed covering the soil. This Palouse Valley is one of the most polluted mountain rivers of Idaho and Washington, in fact the nation.  

A painful story of the loss of soil resource due to the availability of commercial fertilizer.  

Tremendous soil loss by removing livestock and alfalfa from the land in the 50’s and using very low residue tillage and plowing for NH3 application.  The Timber and Forest management also allowed stump farms and lack of riparian protection.  

By the 1970’s the Snake River and Columbia River dams were the water resources that were under scrutiny. Dam construction was regulated to an end game. A new dam would take an act of Congress.  


So much soil was moving off the land and into the water that the dams reservoirs and navigation were at risk. Power generation for Aluminum Industry was questionable.   

In fact one new dam (1973), the 717 foot tall, Dworshak Dam was never finalized. The final assembly of turbines 4, 5 and 6 were never completed. Thus 220 MW of peaking power was designed in but not used due to fish. 

Every hour the dam gives $6,160 back to the fisherman of the Clearwater and Snake Rivers. That makes the fish pretty expensive. Obviously a chairlift ticket at $100 per day is a lot better deal.  

By 1970 “Manifest Destiny” had come to end. The Resource was considered to be at risk. Fish had now become the priority with clean, and optimum fish cooling, 46 degree water.   

The Dworshak Dam in 1973 had a facelift and to promote fishing of migratory Steelhead and Salmon.  


In the late 1950 ‘s and 1960’s, Before No-tillage and strict management of the water shed the soil erosion was up to 200 tons per acre.   

All the tillable acres were fall plowed 50% to 100% of the time in the 60’s and 70’s to allow for NH3 fertilizer banding and application equipment.  

The Palouse River phosphate level was 200 times above the national maximum. Something had to be done with the water quality and the runoff into the Snake River.


Mort Swanson,  Pioneer No-till Farmer, with an MH hillside gleaner combine cutting his first Big Crop of Dwarf Essex, Winter Rape Seed.  The Dwarf Essex grew to a very tall height of 84 to 90 inches.


Harvesting without swathing, Reel up to the maximum height, End Cut, Rotary sickles came with the next crop.  
More news about improved headers and reducing header loss in 2018 is coming.




A Row Spacing Leveraged Fertility Change. 
By 1980 Fertilizer Placement arrived. Banding fertilizer with double disc openers between rows hides the fertilizer from the weeds.  

Feed the growing crop with leveraged fertility and starve the weeds.  
Yielder Drills with high capacity allowed Dwarf Essex Winter Rape to seeded with Water Injection. 
Paired Row Seedings on 5/15 inch or average 10 inch allowed water to be injected in the seed row to establish Dwarf Essex.




Good sprayers that could spray with slippery underfoot in freezing conditions, late in the fall with on-coming snow storms. 

The tracked sprayer allowed PPG-135 Chemhoe to control weeds in Winter Rapeseed, Dwarf Essex.  
Farming is a lot of fun when your leader is a WW2 B-29 navigator. All things are possible.


Good sprayers that could spray with slippery underfoot in freezing conditions, late in the fall with on-coming snow storms




The tracked sprayer allowed PPG-135 Chemhoe to control weeds in Winter Rapeseed, Dwarf Essex.  
Farming is a lot of fun when your leader is a WW2 B-29 navigator. All things are possible.

The Right Tool For No-Tillage Deep Banding of Nutrients. 2018.






Vermiculation of NH3, Poly Phosphate and Thio-sul® Is Powerful, Immediately Crop Available.
Highest Known Uniformity at 1% CV with Homogenous Micro Nutrients.


Crystals of TAPPS and TAPPKTS.

Click on image for the PDF File

A unique and discrete advantage of No-tillage.
Rotational Band Loading Improves nutrient uptake in future crops.
Continuous No-tillage In Kansas Conditions.
Higher Production At Lowest Cost per Bushel Produced.

Anhydrous and Snow Go Together, Hand and Glove In The Snow Trap.













After 70 plus years of shank tillage application, NH3 is finally a true No-tillage material at depths to 7.5 inches at speeds to 12.5 mph.
The Exactrix 1% CV injection process makes TAPPS 166% more crop available.
Stay in the game with crystalline Exactrix TAPPS and build soil test P. The payback is Mustang fast.
Nominal returns in wheat, corn, cotton and Milo at $30 to $100 more net income per acre or 12% more net margin.
Note: STEEP University test plots and producer tests confirm improved returns year after year.

Less is More


2KM TAPPS Formulator

2KC Series 3


Self-Sealing Design.
 Vacuum Injection.
Replaceable Chrome Bits.
Threaded Terminal Injection Orifices. Carbided Injector Foot.

Low Cost Deep Banding to 6 inch depths, at ground speeds to 10 mph. Exactrix
high pressure injection makes it possible with liquid streaming flows of NH3.
Winner of two national awards, in single disc banding and TAPPS formulation.









John Cory
Security West Financial

Call your new banker, John Cory, Security West Financial.   (509) 994-8555 You can go off the balance sheet and work with the best using the strength of Farm Credit and others.

John will help you spend about $40,000 annually to make $150,000 more annually by spending only $60 per acre in irrigated production for fertilizer. John understands the cycles of agriculture and how to keep your balance sheet looking good.

At the end of five years you will own a powerful machine that continue to produce good returns having already been paid for at the end of the first year.  You can even apply for your neighbors with a Mustang Tool Bar.

At 1,000 acres of corn, An internal bottom line savings of $750,000 over five years on 5,000 acres of corn.  

An Exactrix Mustang Tool Bar capable of producing $550,000 of internally available funds in five years.   

  See Video 

Top yields, best margin and the new leader in VRT-Site Specific, Small Grains Expert. Eric Odberg at Genesee, Idaho breaking winter wheat yield records. Exactrix TAPPS at Catholic Canyon using 4 management zones. Exactrix Site-Specific, Variable Rate

"Paul Gangwish, Drone Video"
Track Machines improve production 200%.
Application time cut in half at 1 acre per minute.
Up to $150 more net income per acre.

The 2017 Agronomy Review.

Meeting your formulation needs.  

Picking your metering systems.  

Need more information on advanced crop production.


For More Information:
509.254 6854