What is better than
a Cover Crop? No-till Anhydrous Ammonia Is Better, Double Crop.
There is just too much US corn and not enough worldwide demand for
it. A whopping 93 million acres predicted by the USDA by this Fall,
There is an oversupply of all commodities for sure. Land may need to
lay idle in 2017.
The 1983 program, “Payment in Kind,” may be on the way if the EPA
does not raise the Ethanol percentage in gasoline.
End of March,
Cover Crop Cereal Rye, Spring Banding of Exactrix TAPPS, P-51C
Mustang Openers at 8 mph.
The next chapter is the kill of the Green Link. Terminate early when
soils are below 7 pH.
the margin goes away, producers unfold the budget and expose the real
Cover Crop is a fancy play on words. “I do not have a 4 year
rotation, I cannot double crop, I use cover crops.”
Cover crop seems to work best when: Here
are 14 key points to review.
The seed cost is low and timing of the plant emergence is good.
economic success takes about 3 years and on-farm seed storage of specialty seed helps.
producers use mobile custom cleaners and Gravities to process the
cover crop seed. Companies like Dennis
Haugen of www.GeneralGrain.com
; 701 797 7269, Hanaford, ND
with 3 mobile Gravity processors, can produce timely
producers source high quality parental seed registered, or certified
and renew the parent quality often. Be careful
about seed quality and germination. Have contact with the breeders
primarily in the western states with state guidelines on
land cost is high, $5,000 to $10,000 per acre.
soil quality or structure is poor in irrigated conditions. (forage
harvest, ensilage programs).
hybrid seed corn production, whereby male rows are destroyed early
resulting in more leaching of NO3.
Land is put
into production initially in the Peace River. Winter Wheat, Winter
or Spring Barley, Flax or Oats act as good
When there is more stored soil moisture than what the cash crop
needs. Be ready to terminate early.
Rotation is short such, as 3 years corn, followed by soybeans or 2
year rotations of corn and beans.
amount of organic plant stored nitrogen is generated using a legume.
proper machinery is available to establish a cover crop in
mid-August between soybean or corn rows. Seed
should be seeded into the soil and not surface or aerial broadcast.
chemicals are not in the rotation.
cover crop is easy to kill and the use of Roundup can be avoided in
burn-down is achieved at least 3 to 4 weeks ahead of planting corn
Western Kansas has double cropping opportunities with the right
equipment. Fast turnaround with banded TAPPS using a Mustang Tool
Bar at 61.25 feet on 15 inch band centers.
No Roundup is required. TAPPS is stabilized with Thio-Sol. Nitrogen
is 166% more crop available, Phosphate is 200% more crop available
with Exactrix Crystalline TAPPS.
P-51 B, C and CUE Mustang openers allow No-tillage at 8 mph banding
speeds. The result is 1 acre per minute of correctly and exactly
(1%CV) applied nutrients in liquid streaming flows.
Exactrix Ammonic (NH4) Stabilized Nitrogen is applied at .6 to .7 of
the recommended university application. Saving Millions of dollars
over a farming career.
Mustang openers operate for 75 cents per acre on 30 inch centers or
$1.50 per acre on 15 inch centers. Operating costs are at least ¼ to
1/5 of the Deere 2510.
Mustang openers can not burn corn roots or hurt plant emergence on
15 inch centers. The Exactrix tool pays back very fast when the
turnaround must be quick.
Exactrix producers pay back the entire investment in the first crop
production year. Producers can plant corn and band Exactrix TAPPS
the same day in the same field with the corn planter or small grains
means that in western conditions…100th Meridian and
the Great American Desert, cover cropping is only successful when
terminated early. Soils below 7
pH are susceptible to fungal diseases in the Green Bridge,
Producers must terminate early, about 3 to 4 weeks ahead of planting.
Western Cover Cropping could be a waste of seed, time and energy
more than 66% of the time.
If Livestock graze the crop then it is not Cover Crop. It is a
Forage Crop. And this needs to be taken into account in quest for
long term crop insurance.
Cover cropping can hurt yields by robbing valuable stored soil
moisture in western conditions unless it is terminated early, since 1
inch of stored soil moisture equals 7 bushels of no-till winter
Western No-till producers know for every 1 inch of stored soil
moisture the Cover Crop uses, the Cover Crop needs to give back about
$35.00 per acre in gross benefit in winter wheat.
At the Center of the USA lies Smith Center, KS, and if you can Double
Crop or Relay Intercrop. Then you do not need to Cover Crop.
Shelton/Grand Island, NE is known for Relay Intercrop first
introduced by USDA-ARS Scientist, Jim Schepers. It works
economically when commodity prices are low or when land values begin
Successful Relay Intercrop requires an irrigation at the right time,
and the right equipment. Kansas dryland double cropping requires
low seed investment and a little bit of luck.
Cash crops still work better. Deep rooted winter crops and
perennials provide more economic punch in almost all cases when
rotated with spring crops.
Winter crops can be much more functional with the Geophysical Event,
Winter Rape, Winter Canola, Winter Wheat, Winter Triticale, Austrian
Winter Peas, Winter Yellow and Green Peas, Winter Barley, Winter
Brewing Barley, Camelina, Alfalfa, Crimson Clover, Sweet Clover,
Hairy Vetch and not too far away, Winter Tansy Mustard.
Wheat and Soybeans.
Barley and Soybeans.
Shorten your soybean and corn maturities, or add winter wheat and try
double cropping instead. No-till Soybeans can follow winter wheat in
double cropping in Kansas. Irrigated Sunflowers can follow Triticale
in western Kansas.
A new growth regulator
Palisade from Syngenta can also shorten
winter wheat straw and let more light into the soybean row early.
Wheat and RR soybean can use the Roundup Harvest label and the Relay
Intercrop production cycle can gain 10 more days in June. Consider
raising a marketable Winter Barley straw crop and Double Crop, or
selling barley short cut to a health food market.
straw is also a good soil sanitizer (algaecide) and ideal for
mulching a high quality garden.
Winter Barley straw is also a favorite bedding for high value
Exactrix nitrogen can boost soybeans in double crop by placing 30
lbs. N/A with a Mustang tool bar before or after seeding or
Mustang Tool Bars band to 7 to 8 inch depth, And run at high speeds
to 12 mph with low soil disturbance.
Mustang, P-51B, P-51C, P-51CUE openers operate for ¼ to 1/5 the cost
per acre of the Deere 2510.
Double cropping soybeans is successful in Central and Eastern Kansas
conditions about 70% of the time, and not a big risk with the right
seed costs and No-tillage systems.
Spring dry peas are a good example of cash crop that is a form of a
Since peas do not pull deep moisture ( 2 to 3 feet), and peas provide
an ideal seed bed for the following crop.
Spring peas are normally raised as a dollar swap crop in the budget.
No-till Spring Peas beat a summer-fallow system.
Peas are a cleanup crop and drive a powerful rotation in western
Mustang openers band NH3 much deeper (7- 8
inches) than fixed angle openers like the Deere 2510 (4 to 4.5
inches) providing better access to nutrients that are not mobile.
Stabilized TAPPS works better.
Root colonies develop deeper to handle drought stress better.
P-51CUE openers band to depths of 8 inches.
Cover Crops seem to work well when there is consistently more
moisture then what the crop needs.
The future of cover cropping will be under pressure as rotations
move to double cropping.
Cover crops do have limitations.
Austrian Winter Peas, or a mix, could work better for these Ohio
producers. Cereal Rye may use too much water.
The key point is to terminate early.
Early Cover Crop
Termination Following El Niño
Ohio State University
Lewandowski, Ohio State University Extension Wayne County Educator
crops provide multiple benefits with regards to protecting soil from
erosion, improving soil health and as a component of a nutrient
management plan. For those cover crops that overwinter and resume
growth in the spring, such as cereal rye and annual ryegrass, an
important question is: When do I terminate the cover crop?
decision should consider the next crop, planting date of that next
crop, the spring weather pattern and purpose of the cover crop. For
cover crops that have not been planted with the intention of
providing a forage harvest, and are on acres intended for corn grain
production, this may be a year to consider early termination of that
factor for early termination of cover crops this year is the
potential for a drier than average spring and summer. On a recent
Ohio State University Extension Ag Crops team conference call, Jim
Noel from the National Weather Service talked about weather patterns
following an El Niño year. Often the pattern is for the spring and
summer months to be drier and warmer than average. At this point,
warmer than average weather and plant growth points to an earlier
talked with several farmers who tell me that our soil moisture is
drier than average. If this pattern holds, the risk is a cover crop
can take up moisture that should be saved for the cash crop. At the
recent conservation tillage conference in Ada, Ohio, I saw data that
showed lower corn yields following cover crops in dry years when
those cover crops were not terminated early enough. Those cover
crops robbed soil moisture leading to delayed germination and slower
development that was not made up compared to a corn crop planted
with no cover crops or planted into a winterkilled cover crop.
risk of or the potential for a drier-than-average spring and summer,
cash grain corn producers should consider terminating cereal grain
and annual ryegrass cover crops in the late March to early April
time frame. Ideally, we would like to see less than 8 inches of
growth for either of those crops. I have read several sources that
recommend annual ryegrass be terminated at 6 inches or less of
growth. The recommended method for early termination is the use of
Glyphosate should be effective, especially if day time temperatures
are above 50 F, and is probably one of the most economical
options. A Purdue Extension publication entitled “Successful Annual
Ryegrass Termination with Herbicides” says that producers need to
use at least 1.25 pounds of acid equivalent per acre of glyphosate —
possibly up to 2.5 pounds of acid equivalent per acre under
less-than-ideal condition for herbicide translocation. Purdue
research also shows that mixing 1 ounce of Sharpen with 1.25 pounds
of acid equivalent rate of glyphosate provides the most consistent
results in terminating the cover crop.
Ohio State Extension weed specialist says that the Sharpen option
only needs to be used where there is a desire for burndown help with
marestail or other weeds. The advantage of using Sharpen for this
purpose in the tankmix is that it won't reduce the glyphosate
activity, which can happen with atrazine or 2,4-D in the mix. Loux’s
recommendation is to use a minimum of 1.5 pounds of acid equivalent
per acre of glyphosate for cover crop termination and only include
Sharpen if marestail control is needed. This
article from 2015 talks more about cover crop burndown.
See more at:
TAPPS Formulator 2KM Weigh
Liquid NH3 Injection, 2KC Weigh Master, Series 3.
Tri-Ammonium Poly Phosphate
Sulfate or Crystalline TAPPS.
are available at
More news about Relay Intercropping at www.exactrix.com/RI.htm
Thio-Sul® is as good or better than N-Serve®.
Mustard and Fumigation at WSU, U of I subject web page at
Terminate your Cover Crop Early.
TAPPS and TAPPKTS at
For a good overview of banding deeper go to
Center Pivot Corn Production
Need more historical reference of Exactrix Global Systems? Go to
Banding Deeper in No-till without tillage with Rotational Band
Need more information about STEEP test plots and how Exactrix
See Video How TAPPS and TAPPKTS Changed a
Kansas Farm. A KSU Ag Economist gives a good review.
Meeting your formulation needs.
Picking your metering systems.
Need more information on advanced crop
Exactrix P51 Mustangs
Video With Kevin Medow and His P51