Build Renewable Power and Green Ammonia.
Study on Canola at 36 cents per lb.


How to calculate costs of fueling diesel engines with Rapeseed, R-100 as a fuel. The exercise is not including the cost of crushing or the additive to provide R-100 which is also similar to B-100 which requires refining.  

You can capture about 70 gallons of R-100 fuel renewable oil from 1 short ton of Canola.   A good Canadian Canola yield is 3,000 lbs per acre or 60 bushel. That means 105  gallons per acre of oil is produced with a very good yield in Canada. Winter Canola can produce double the yields with Hybrids selections from Rubisco.   

Updates on Heat Value. Renewable Rapeseed Oil, R-100 That is 119,550 btu per gallon. That is one gallon at 7.61 pounds per gallon.  

Note: Bio-Diesel is B-100 and is a refined version made mostly from soybean oil in the US to be mixed with Diesel.  R-100 Rapeseed oil is filtered with additives and is not mixed except at start and stop.

Low sulfur Diesel Fuel That is 128,488 btu per gallon. That is one gallon at 7.09 lbs. per gallon.  

Wyoming Coal, Sub-Bituminous, 9,000 btu per pound.
That is about 6.7 lbs per gallon.
The cost of coal is about less than a 1 cent per pound at .7 cents.

The fuel rack on the diesel engine needs to be increased for 7.5% more volume when fueling with Canola or Rapeseed, R-100.  

A diesel engine fuel system is volumetric. It does not meter by weight. So the fuel system should be adjusted by BTU’s per gallon.

Remember Rapeseed, Canola, Mustard, Sunflower, Soybean and Castor Oil is not Fossil Carbon…Canola, Rapeseed, Sunflower and Soybean is current Carbon. The only place to get Green Ammonia is at Green Play Ammonia™ in 2024 and it is built with electrolysis with Zero Carbon in the process.  

Yielder® NFuel Energy provides Ammonia Zero Carbon Fueling in 2025. Turbines and Gas Engines are approved in Europe and Japan in this time line and available in the US.


With the world’s largest swept area exceeding 43,000 m2, the V236-15.0 MW delivers industry-leading performance.

Mitsubishi Power has started development of the world’s first “ammonia-fired” 40 MW class gas turbine system.

Wind generates electricity to power the plant.  Each plant takes between 10 to 12 Megawatts depending on the location. The space requirement is 18 acres for energy storage, production and support.  When the wind is not blowing the plant site’s stored energy continues to fuel the operation. The stored power comes from the Battolysers or from 720,000-gallon Ammonia Batteries fueling turbine generators. 

What used to be a dangerous quirk of the Edison battery has turned out to be remarkably useful in producing hydrogen for NH3 storage in a different kind of battery, an NH3 storage tank made of common 70,000 psi rated steel.  (Credit: Alamy), Proton Ventures has taken a special interest in providing the intuitive link to fueling EV trucks.

Shell goes big into bio-fuels such as canola. Why would they promote bio-fuels in Europe? Where is Shell going?  At the very best renewable oil is coming in at 22 cents per KW. Wind and Solar using electrolysis and building ammonia has them in a trap. The company is not a good investment over the next 10 years. Wall Street knows you cannot mix oil exploratory debt with non-exploratory debt.

  So why not fuel the plant on Renewable Canola Oil? 

The current cost to build 1 gallon of Canola Oil is $2.76 per gallon at 36 cents per pound. This assumes the producer can break even on the meal and crushing costs with his own hog farm…Cattle and Dairy included.  

The cost to build Rapeseed, Canola power is 22 cents per KW using a Cat 3508 as per French Railroad Industry.  

Caterpillar 3520. Gas or Diesel versions normally included is a generator.  

Using the best technology of Caterpillar’s D-3512 series engines which are produced in high volume. The cost to build 1 ton of Non-Fossil Ammonia from R-100 Rapeseed oil is $2,100 per ton as the Opex. The investment in the engines that are used or rebuilt is around $250,000 for 1.4 Megawatt. The engine requires about 70 gallons per Megawatt or 106 gallons per hour at 1.4 Megawatt.  

A 1 megawatt diesel engine costs about the same as a 1 Megawatt wind tower in China.  The power of the wind is local but so is the diesel engine. The engine looses out to the cost of diesel fuel or even Canola oil at almost half the cost of Diesel. There is no fuel cost with solar or the wind and it is abundant everywhere.

Diesel fuel cost at $4.70 to 5.00 per gallon requires 70 gallons to build a Megawatt or $350 every hour of operation. This is 35 cents per KW.  

To build Ammonia with diesel fuel would require $3,500 per ton of Grey or Fossil NH3 as the OPEX.   

The cost to build 1 ton of Green Zero Carbon ammonia from the Wind or PV is $157.00 per ton and you do not need a Canola farm to do it. Wind and PV is abundant and found everywhere on the planet.   

This is a Revolution.  

The Chinese have now driven wind power to very low cost at about 45% of the US wind power programs. April 18, 2022, Bloomberg Green announced about $457,000 investment in towers per 1 megawatt.   This would allow Green Play Ammonia to erect three towers of 10 megawatt capacity total and include switchgear for about $6 million.  You can order this report at  

Wind turbines and solar panels in Liaoning Province. Photographer: Qilai Shen/Bloomberg

Bloomberg News - April 14, 2022

And further understood. PV keeps coming down even more potential than wind power. The competitive aspect in the US for Wind power production has been retarded due to Covid and the supply lines.   

Also make sure you do not get fooled by the fossil fuel industry….all their comments are irrelevant to the goal of Zero Carbon and lowering overall GHG. The Fossil Fuel Industry needs tillage, soil destruction and surface fossil mining to keep their industry moving upward.  

If you hear discussions or see promotion about hydrogen you are being snookered.  That hydrogen program is funded by the fossil fuel industry trying to save their industry from a downward trend.  Blue Hydrogen is not a good investment today or in the future.

The movement to reduce GHG has taken over.

Remember seeing the Shell Ads about Canola and Renewables. That program is like a blood hound with head cold. The dog won’t hunt.

Hydrogen is not a relevant power product for the next 30 years. It is basically the inability to get insurance to fund a hydrogen economy. The future real economy is in clean and green electrical power.  

“Hydrogen is for rocket ships where insurance is not required.”  

Keep a clear head. Any discussions from Fossil Fuel Industry, the API or even major companies like Caterpillar are self perpetuation into the oblivion of dirty fuel and mining.  Shell Says Hydrogen Is Heavy Transport’s Future. What Now for Biofuels? | Greentech Media

All power can now be made local and funded locally by American Agriculture and Merchants that need low cost fuel at Zero Carbon.  

So what is Green Hydrogen. So, What Exactly Is Green Hydrogen? | Greentech Media

Green Play Ammonia™ Builds Green Hydrogen, Green Play Ammonia Ships Ammonia.


LEVELIZED COST OF ELECTRICITY (2025 Estimates in 2019 Dollars)1

Representing the capital costs and ongoing operating costs of a power plant's assumed financial lifetime.    


Levelized Cost Of Electricity2


Ultra-supercritical Coal

$0.065 - $0.091/kWh


Combined Cycle (natural gas)

$0.033 - $0.045/kWh


Combustion Turbine (natural gas)

$0.058 - $0.081/kWh


Advanced Nuclear


$0.072 - $0.092/kWh


Wind (onshore)

$0.029 - $0.063/kWh


Wind (offshore)

$0.103 - $0.156/kWh


Solar PV

$0.030 - $0.048/kWh



$0.035 - $0.063/kWh

No data

1. LCOE data comes from the Energy Information Administration with estimates for 2025 costs
2. Note: The cost range is determined by considering a range of capacity factors for each generation source
3. PJM West is one of 25 EIA regions that are compiled to develop national data, and includes all of WV and OH, and pieces of IN, MI, PA, MD, VA, and KY.

About every 60 to 70 years a revolution shows up energy. It will be important to move away from Fossil Fuel Industry and keep your energy investment dollars clean and green over the next 10 years.


About the Authors:    
Author: Guy J Swanson. Exactrix,
Green Play Ammonia™,
Yielder® NFuel Energy.
Spokane, Washington. 99212
Cell: 509-995-1879
Senior Project Engineer, Green Play Ammonia. Nathan Crary
Cell 509-944-1540 cell.
509 254-6854 office