Dalhart, Texas, Home of the XIT, 6,000 Miles
Fence and still growing.
A powerful combination in the changing agriculture
production economics of the Great Plains of Texas.
Stop the tillage with Mustangs and
Exactrix® TAPPS formulators.
A total reset for producers on the High Plains of Texas.
Battling with wind erosion and loss of soil and nutrient
productivity in continuous corn production.
Andy and Cody Cover make news with the fast and deep Exactrix®
Mustangs chasing after bigger profits on the site of the largest
cattle ranch in the world.
Corn will be planted in about 2 to 3 weeks finding TAPPS bands every
The material TAPPS is located at the 7 to 2 inch depth vermiculated
on 15 inch centers.
TAPPS and TAPPKTS is not toxic to corn emergence and enhances
development with out seed row fertilizer required.
Anhydrous Ammonia, Ammonium Poly Phosphate, Ammonium Thio-Sulfate or
Thio-sul, and Potassium Thio-Sulfate or KTS, Ammoniated Zinc, TAPPS
and TAPPKTS is highly crop available and will not burn Corn roots
with vermiculated banding.
1. NH3 at 82.4 percent Mass Flow N. Weigh Master Technology at
highest technical availability of Primary Nitrogen.
2. APP at 10-34-0 at 11.7 lbs. per gallon. Primary 0-68-0 Super
Phosphate and only in North America, Super Phosphoric Polymer acid
3. ATS or Thio-sul®, 12-0-0-26S at 11.1 lbs. per gallon. Developed
by Tessenderlo Kerly and always specific request Thio-sul for
highest support and reliability.
4. KTS® at 0-0-25K-17S at 12 lbs. per gallon. Developed by
Tessenderlo Kerly and always the best material with great technical
5. AZn at 16-0-0-20Zn. Developed as a byproduct of Nebraska center
pivot galvanizing and a low cost alternative from Agrium and others.
Ammoniated and crystallized at 1% CV with the hidden and absolute
liquid uniformity of streaming flows.
The crystallized TAPPS and TAPPKTS bands are applied with a 1% CV
and within 20 lbs. on 10,000 lbs. applied.
Exactrix® Mass Flow allows highest quality placement and instant
changes in VRT from 15 lbs. N to 150 lbs. N in 3 seconds.
Banding Exactrix TAPPS with ample power, April 16, 17. Cover Crop
oats on the lands in the last of the tillage system on their farm.
Rotational Band Loading takes over now.
From the heart of the Dust Bowl and the Dirty Thirties, the tillage
tools of the devil are still hanging around.
Improving the production margin and using the correct amount of
nutrient to raise corn on corn in the 280 bushel per acre
range….that is the goal.
Cody Cover, on the XIT.
The largest fenced cattle ranch in the world and the Channing
Headquarters are within site of the Cover Irrigated Production Farm,
about 3,000 acres of high quality water and sandy soils.
Just north of the Canadian River where 150,000 head of cattle drank
from the constantly flooding river.
That is 3,000,000 acres in the panhandle of Texas…and a northern
pasture of 2,000,000 acres in Eastern Montana. The XIT brand shipped
fat cattle to Chicago from both cattle ranches, Eastern Montana was
The XIT is the ranch that built the capitol in Austin,
the Capitol Reserve Fund needed money to build a great and
largest state capital in the USA. Built with $2 million from the
sale of the XIT to British investors.
That is a cattle ranch that winds around on the New Mexico border
and about 200 miles long and two counties wide from Lubbock to the
Oklahoma Border at Buffalo Springs. That is 6,000 miles of fence.
This is the landscape of the XIT and what it looks like today.
Producers from Dalhart, TX are very proud of the XIT.
Land of big water and big thinking.
A full section pivot with cover cropping on the field margin.
Winter wheat on the outside tower and further in are the cover crop
Oats at 80 feet width for the banding and planting lands.
A unique farm for sure.
Hopefully a cover crop of Triticale and a Brassica to be planted
immediately after harvest this fall.
Maybe an aerial seeding at the last two irrigations. Get the cover
crop started in August.
Brassicas need a good fall start. Pick Dwarf Essex with Triticale
and you have a disease and insect fighting winner.
Idaho sourced, Dwarf Essex roots deep as the moist soil goes and is
tougher than nails. Dwarf Essex comes with high Glucosinolate to
fumigate deep in the soil profile.
Nematodes lookout, here comes the
biological solution for improved profits.
Guess Row Return. The outside openers are applying at half rate
with ability to set the band in 2 inches at the return center.
Thus 25 openers applying 30 feet in width with a 31.25 foot baseline
pass using Guess Row Return.
Guess Row Return was selected in corn production for it’s for
controlled traffic result. Plus the winter wheat can be fertilized
at 31.25 inch spacing in uniform bands of equal delivery by making
The Guess Row Return is exactly half rates.
The last of tillage and for others to understand where Rotational
Band Loading started.
Remember at 1% CV, the RBL started on this date April 16, 17 using
TAPPS and TAPPKTS.
Keep the tillage away and yields will increase with Exactrix
No-tillage, root channels in place, and cover cropping will stop any
soil movement at speeds to 12 mph. Andy and Cody need better NH3
tanks and No-tillage to go fast.
Note extra soil movement in the outside double pass with 2 inch
inboard offset, Guess Row Return of the outside openers.
This design of Guess Row Return has a powerful combination of double
site access of dilute Exactrix® TAPPS and TAPPKTS crystallized
Observations of plant performance will be important for future
planning. No-tillage Bands are being added at twice the rate or 7.5
inch spacing on the outside openers.
Banding deep with Gyro Counter Weights with the Yielder® Manganese
Steel blades ½ inch thick x 25 inch single edge openers. Banding at
7.5 inch depths at high speeds.
The money making result under center pivots at 4,000 feet will be
profound compared to manure and 32-0-0 with the pivot.
There is much better cereal root access by banding deep at 7.5 inch
to 8 inch depth. Seed Row Fertilizer is not required in full blown
test results at Hugoton, KS.
Andy and Cody Cover on the XIT in sight of Channing
Headquarters and south of Dalhart, Texas. Times are changing.
Mustang P-51C with ½ inch x 25 inch blades, single edge. Banding at
7.5 to 8 inch depth. Tool bar at 30 feet with 25 openers and Guess
The Mustang equipped 7 x 7 tool bar at 450 acres on April 16, 17.
2KC Series 3 Weigh Master with Laminator, 2KP TAPPS formulator.
Single central manifold design keeps it simple.
The beginning of the end of tillage. Going for top yields in
VRT-Site Specific. Uniformity of Exactrix® TAPPS.
Banding slow in tillage system at 6 mph. The NH3 tanks need
modification to go fast. Exactrix® RT valves coming next year with
liquid delivery to the applicator.
Exactrix P-51C Mustang Fast, can
you guess the ground speed at 7 inch banding depth in winter canola
at Hugoton?. The Ground Speed Indicator says 11 to 12 mph in late
Your Great Plains Reporter from
38,000 feet over Colorado.
Guy J Swanson
Here is a good $27.00 book that
will change your outlook on the true west and the railroads.
Warner Brothers must have had a copy of this book. The
Now you now how Rowdy Yates and Gil Favor made it every day in a
In 1879, the 16th Texas Legislature appropriated 3,000,000 acres
(12,000 km) of land to finance a new state capitol. In 1882, in a
special legislative session, the 17th Texas Legislature struck a
bargain with Charles B. and John V. Farwell of Chicago, Illinois,
under which a syndicate led by the Farwells, with mostly British
investors, agreed to build a new Texas State Capitol in Austin and
to accept the 3,000,000 acres (12,000 km²) of Panhandle land as
payment. The ranch stretched across all or portions of Dallam,
Hartley, Oldham, Deaf Smith, Parmer, Castro, Bailey, Lamb, Cochran,
and Hockley Counties.
The ranch started operations in 1885, and at its peak averaged
handling 150,000 head of cattle within its 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of
fencing. The ranch also erected 325 windmills and 100 dams across
its land. It covered portions of 10 counties, which apparently
helped perpetuate the myth that the brand -XIT- stands for "Ten In
Texas." The brand was in fact created to thwart rustlers.
The timing for the creation of XIT, however, was bad, as cattle
prices crashed in 1886 and 1887. In the fall of 1888, the ranch was
unable to sell its cattle and make a profit, and the ranch operated
most years thereafter without showing any profit. Also, the cattle
were constantly plagued by predators (especially wolves); and the
inability to effectively control cattle rustling led to further
losses for the ranch.
The XIT Ranch had a number of rules, including prohibitions against
carrying arms; drinking alcohol; and gambling or card playing of any
kind. Employees were also not allowed to own any livestock or horses
on property, and were not allowed to hunt game with the use of any
company holdings, including horses.
In 1901, the syndicate that owned the ranch began selling off the
land to pay foreign investors as the bonds became due. Much of the
surveying of parcels to be sold had been done by W. D. Twichell,
then based in Amarillo.
By 1905, most of the land was subdivided, with large tracts being
sold to other cattlemen and small amounts of land being sold to
farmers. The family of Minnie Lou Bradley, who went on to establish
the Bradley 3 Ranch in Childress County east of Amarillo, made large
purchases of XIT land. Other purchasers included Texas cattlemen
George W. Littlefield, William E. Halsell, and John M. Shelton
The last of the XIT cattle were sold on November 1, 1912, and land
sales subsequently increased.
In remembrance of the massive ranch, the City of Dalhart hosts the
XIT Museum and the annual XIT Rodeo and Reunion held the first
Thursday through Sunday of August. The celebration includes three
days of junior and professional (PRCA) rodeo events, the world’s
largest free barbecue, three nights of live music, a mud bog
competition, an antique tractor-pull, and other activities.
Several businesses in the Dalhart area use "XIT" in their names and
More news on the XIT Ranch is found here.