A big deal in Texas
Bob Cates at Channing, Texas, HQ of the XIT.
After 1.5 hours he became a good friend in a private tour with his
keys in hand .
He is biggest and best supporter on the XIT explains the history of
the largest cattle ranch in the USA.
3 million acre XIT had 6,000 miles of fence.
The XIT perimeter is now inclusive of a “Billions of Dollars” of
real estate and the strongest agricultural economy in the world.
From the Buffalo Springs section on the Oklahoma border to Lubbock
Texas, the Yellow House section the stretch of real estate was 2
counties wide and reserved for the Pioneers when the state
government in Austin got a better idea.
Here is the timeline and the focus.
The governor said, “We need 2 million dollars quick to build the new
state capital in Austin”. The Chicago based, Farwell Brothers went
for the deal in about the 1878 stretch and by 1885 they were in the
cattle business. The railroads were coming to the Panhandle of Texas
which had been an Independent state since 1836. Colorado became a
state in 1876 and George Armstrong Custer died in Montana territory
fighting Indians in June of 1876.
The operations of XIT father land include:
Livestock confined feeding of hogs, cattle, dairy, slaughter and
meat packing, cheese factories of large scale.
Ogallala irrigated grain production, Cotton, Alfalfa, Soybean.
Biological power, New developments in Canola crushing, Canola
crush feeding, Bio-diesel, Ethanol and byproducts of Distillers
and Gas, Petroleum refining.
Windmills of extreme population.
Irrigation technical developments, SDI, Center Pivot, deep soil
water monitoring equipment.
Transcontinental railroads, BNSF, UP.
Petroleum Refining, Ammonia Plants.
Ammonia, Gas and Oil Interstate pipelines. Interstate 40
transportation of goods east and west and Texas funded 4 lane
highways north to south.
The XIT is so significant to Texas history that it will never be
fully understood the contribution it made to the economy of the
Every story told is true and every record kept at XIT General
Office confirm the roots of Texas lie in this Victorian General
Office building. The archives now belong to the commissioners of
Hartley County Texas.
Manganese and Boron Deficiency on the XIT with
Andy Cover of Cover Farms.
Managing the XIT soils today for better crops tomorrow.
The Drone View will follow and the photos were taken of
June 21, 2017. They indicate about 25% of the pivot is deficient
in micronutrients Manganese and Boron.
The yield reduction is considerable with the plants showing the
stripping of leaves, the Pioneer 1197 corn plant is about 20% to
25% shorter in deficient areas and elevations.
Andy Cover of Dalhart/Hartley and just 3 miles north of the XIT
Channing General Office, Never knew about this problem since they
were applying 300 lbs of N with the irrigation pivot using 32-0-0
which is a salvage nitrogen and not primary nitrogen.
The dairies have lots of manure for sale. Andy applied 1.2 million
dollars of manure over the last 5 years at 20 to 50 tons per acre
The Manganese and Boron problem was under the cover of a nitrogen
Sandy Soil, high pH, continuous corn and is a suspected to be
blowout from the Dust Bowl.
Andy will pull some old yield maps to determine the trend in yield
in these deficient pockets.
Metals deficiency cause the stripping of the corn leaves, Zinc,
Copper, Iron, and Manganese.
Boron deficiency is shown by white freckles on the leaf surface
and in the stripping area.
More advanced Boron deficiency will show up as white stripping in
the vein areas. Also the whorls may not unfurl in a predictable
The problem is which metal is causing the short plant and
stripping in the leaf new growth.
The soil sample may not show up as being significant problem but
the tissue sample will unravel the mystery of which metal is
causing the problem. In this case it was determined to be
This is good land and capable of 300 bushel per acre corn.
A soil elevation depression is also shown in this photo, thus the
The Cover Farm is part of the Dust Bowl transformation of the
land during the “dirty thirties”.
Tillage created many problems and never is a solution long or
short term under difficult economics.
How were the symptoms expressed?
What were the tools used to solve the problem?
Did CPS help find the solution without the tissue samples?
Click Here for the
Progression of Discovery.
Soil Samples and growing plant tissue samples say it is true. Zinc
and other nutrients are fine to excellent. Manganese and Boron
were pinpointed. Previous solution 32-0-0 applications masked the
visual nutrient problems and correct micronutrient in need.
The Exactrix Mustang Tool bar will be set up 3 products to manage
the deficient soil.
Saving millions of dollars over a
Injection of Manganese and Boron to supplement the plant with
Mustang Tool bars set up with 3 product delivery.
If you need more information on how to manage Manganese and Boron
Deficiency. Click here.
If you would like to identify the deficiency in your fields.
Manganese Go to
Boron Go to.
The Little B in Canola.
There are two ways to solve for Site Specific application of Micro
Nutrients and Biological materials. Manganese and Boron can be
2KR Blender is used to interject flow into the 2nd product 2KP or
A 2KP Third product system is added with injection at 3rd product
TIO using looking glass manifolds and high pressure lines.
Looking Glass Manifolds improve third product injection when
materials are not compatitable with Poly Phosphate.
The 3rd product injection is utilized with Mustang Openers.
As they say in Washington State and Texas. “You can only be
guilty of thinking too small” RA Hanson.
- The XIT, Three Million Acres. 150,000 Longhorns,
6,000 miles of fence, 2 million acres in Montana, Built the
largest state capital in the USA.
- British Investors (2 million dollars) were paid back
- Cattle Trail to Montana went through 7 states from
Easter to mid-July.
- From Dalhart, Texas here is the report.
|Inside the XIT, General Office, rests this
map taking up the entire wall.
Rules of the XIT.
Ownership of guns was not allowed.
Only XIT horses were on the ranch. There was no personal ownership
of a horse.
No Card playing.
Families were encouraged.
A good place for a expanding your moral strength and character.
Sounds like they were ahead of their time when it came to focus
of effort on the XIT. The largest cattle ranch in the world in the
Cattle rustlers and wolves reduced profits to zero when the cattle
Primarily the railroads sent the cattle to market early creating
the collapse and the access to the herd.
Big Bob Cates, the host of XIT HQ at
Channing, Texas, and a great 1.5 hours together at headquarters.
Your Great Plains Reporter.
Guy J Swanson
Security West Financial
Call your new banker,
Security West Financial.
can go off the balance sheet and work with the best using the
strength of Farm Credit and others.
help you spend about $40,000 annually to make $150,000 more
annually by spending only $60 per acre in irrigated production
for fertilizer. John understands the cycles of agriculture and
how to keep your balance sheet looking good.
end of five years you will own a powerful machine that
continue to produce good returns having already been paid for
at the end of the first year. You can even apply for your
neighbors with a Mustang Tool Bar.
At 1,000 acres of corn, An internal bottom line savings of
$750,000 over five years on 5,000 acres of corn.
Exactrix Mustang Tool Bar capable of producing $550,000 of
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Top yields, best
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Application time cut in half at 1 acre per minute.
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The 2017 Agronomy Review.