Less Winter Wheat And More Winter Canola, The Market Says So.
More Canola with Less Fertilizer Input.
ADM oil seed
crushing plant, Goodland, Kansas, At Exit 12, Interstate 70.
A real business
opportunity for Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado producers.
Canola crop insurance program is driving the interest
for sure along with a much better profit picture of Canola compared
is available in Kansas. However, Colorado does not have canola crop
insurance and the program is presently not available for Nebraska.
KS, Strip Tillage irrigated field could be a major technical
development for, Winter Hardiness,
a breakthrough for the adjoining states.
Winter Wheat stubble is key…for the Winter Canola making it through
the winter with quick maturity from TAPPS.
double the phosphate efficiency, allowing the crop to have potential
for high protein or high oil content, and double cropping
can be considered.
Keep the Nitrate
away from the crop, no 32-0-0.
“Enhanced Ammonium N nutrition is a real plus”, as Dr.
Bert Bock would say, “This is what the plant wants, Ammonium with
protein building Thio-sul® that provides S as well as N and keeps N
in the ammonium form longer.” Bert is a former
scientist with the TVA at Muscle Shoals and an expert on Nitrogen.
has a deep root system (10 to 12 feet) with high yield potential and
requires less nutrient per bushel produced than Spring Canola. Do
not over-fertilize Winter Canola for maximum winter hardiness and
Winter Canola’s deep root system is a nitrogen
scavenger finding the deeper soil profile a great place to explore
the primordial soil horizon.
are deep windblown deposits at Goodland, KS with the perennials
(root channels shown) exploring to 12 feet in depth. A road cut
south of Goodland about 10.5 miles on SH 27 tells the rooting story
and why Winter Canola will pull nutrients from deeper in the
volcanic loess soils are also very deep in Eastern Washington.
Winter Canola will stop erosion and build soil on steep slopes.
Canola is a technical crop requiring new tooling. The winter crop
with double crop potential is meant for advanced producers only.
Goodland roots go deep.
Just before dormancy, during the late fall or winter seasons,
producers need to single disc band or apply 65 lbs. N as NH3.
Winter Canola requires Ammonium(NH3) only for maximum hardiness.
65 lb. per acre N as NH3 rate is very close to optimum nitrogen rate
on irrigated production. A dryland rate of 35 to 45 lbs N per acre
as NH3 is a good economic rate.
The Exactrix TAPPS
formulation includes 10 to 20 lbs. P or 10-34-0 as
Ammonium Poly Phosphate and 20 to 30 lbs S as Thio-sul®,
12-0-0-26S. Micros must be applied with the APP/ATS mix in a
homogenous blend using Ammoniated Zinc, Cu and a very small amount
of boron (ounces). Potassium Thio-Sulfate or KTS can also
High sulfur input is required to build an oil content of 44%.
Boron and Copper are important for the reproductive stage.
Note: Do not over-apply primary nutrients or micro nutrients as the
Winter Canola crop root system is highly exploratory and does not
require much help from commercial fertilizer.
Double Crop, It
is Possible to let the Winter Canola Volunteer or come back from
seed lost at harvest,
and then after 60 days, green chop the crop for the local dairies in
August/September. Following green chop harvest,
No-till seed winter wheat in late September and band
TAPPS with single disc Mustang openers after the winter wheat crop
reduces disease pressure on following crops.
A three year
rotation would be Corn, Winter Wheat, Winter Canola. The Winter
Canola is a good soil fumigant shifting the disease spectrum and
allowing up to 10% yield increases in winter and spring wheat and
undocumented yield increases in dryland and irrigated corn.
Follow a three
year rotation to maintain a high quality disease free seed bed for
Winter Canola. Another good 3 year rotation would be Winter Canola
and green chop volunteer canola, Corn, late seeded Winter Wheat.
This is a powerful rotation that frees up the workload in the spring
with 2/3 of the irrigated acres in winter crop production.
1. In dryland production, Winter Wheat, Winter Canola, Milo.
Allowing 2/3 of the production in winter crops.
2. Another technique to consider to lower the dryland risk
during low commodity prices would be Winter Canola, Winter
Wheat, Milo and Full year Chemfallow/Oats cover crop. This would
allow ¾ of system producing cash flow and ¼ of the system producing
a flywheel effect in moisture storage and less risk in low commodity
3. In dryland production, Winter Canola, Winter Wheat/Stripper
Header, Full year Chemfallow with optional Cover Crop Oats. All
crops are winter crops operating with a 1/3 reserve of moisture
storage. Utilizing stored soil moisture to establish the winter
Canola in August/September.
7 inch deep banding into the growing crop, with the Mustang P-51C
TAPPS banding option.
“Today and for the modern times of commodity crop production, band
TAPPS into growing crops, it is time proven economically functional.
At Goodland, KS,
the Winter Canola stand looks pretty good, but will it make it
through the winter of 2016/2017?
Strip Tillage cropping with Mustang openers and TAPPS and Strip till
30, TAPPS .
Oct. 19, 16, A
Wednesday. Goodland Kansas. About 1.5 mile south of I-70
in deep soils of Goodland, KS.
Rubisco, Mercedes variety of Winter Canola. Planted at
a population from 100,00 to 300,000 in 30 inch rows. Inclusive
pictures will explain.
Orthman 12 row
strip till tool bar in front of the planter moving heavy winter
1710 NT Planter with RRV meters, 90 cell.
hardening growth regulator and fungicide applied about 2 days
earlier. The Winter Canola leafs show a dull surface rather than the
typical shinny surface.
There was operator error or mechanical trouble with the planter
hitting the population.
Strip tilled and
planted in heavy Winter Wheat in residue. The no-till
winter wheat yields were very good and in the mid
90’s bushels per acre.
to 10,000 lbs of winter wheat residue per acre.
corn rotation, irrigated production at the elevation of 3,681 feet
at 39.3 degrees North. Considered one of the best crop production
areas in western Kansas.
preparation is a 30 inch strip tillage seed bed with
no nutrients applied.
Nutrients yet to
be applied using TAPPS with a Single Disc Mustang Tool Bar. Timing
nutrients closer to the dormant period or in the dormant period.
normal temperatures during the fall establishment.
The crowns have
reset back to the surface as the taproot expands.
The crown reset
is occurring most effectively in low population rows.
population rows will probably winter kill due to high competition
and poor crown set.
Banding of TAPPS is delayed until the crop is dormant.
The crop must
not be lush. Only Ammonium is used.
TAPPKTS banding is critical to winter survival year in and year out.
Poly Phosphate Sulfate with low cost Ammoniated Zinc. Total 100%
ammonium nutrition at 1% CV of application and crystallization.
nutrients are most effectively applied between November to middle
Banding TAPPS into the growing crop allows highest nutrient
TAPPKTS provides the most immediate nutrient uptake in the root
zone. Ammonium is immediately available to the growing roots when
band at the 7 inch depth in vermiculated bands.
Uniformity of NH3 and Liquid Ammonium Poly Phosphate, and Ammonium
Thio-Sulfate or Thio-Sul® is 1% CV.
such as Ammoniated Zinc, Copper and Boron can also be applied in the
liquid streaming flow band.
The unique and
proprietary advantage of Anhydrous Ammonia and Snow.
Both low cost and natural inputs are totally synergistic in
improving crop yields by providing ammonium nutrition to the growing
roots of the crop as the snow melts and perks into the soil.
Canola roots will grow under the Snow Pack with ammonium nutrition,
and Winter Canola prefers Ammonium, not urea and not nitrate. Canola
prefers Ammonium combined with low cost Poly Phosphate and Thio-sul®.
Facing West at
Goodland a fantastic management technique implemented to save
moisture and produce and even soil perk of the melting snow .
example of standing stubble producing additional winter protection
from the north winds.
population row stands out with a different color.
Strip till seems
very appropriate in the high residue production of Canola, takes the
load off of the Planter row cleaners. No nutrients are applied
with the strip till tool bar.
different approaches have been taken across Kansas and Colorado. In
no-till, strip till and even mini till. Row spacings from 10, 15,
20, twin row 15 and 30 inch.
Good Crown Set
of Winter Canola, Rubisco, Mercedes.
The leaves appear
dull or not shinny as compared non-applied
No Growth regulator here.
North of the pivot position at the outside tower next to the road,
no fungicide and growth regulator, .25 acres.
the volunteer wheat grow. Select® herbicide can be
spring applied. Judge the crop at dormancy break in late March.
TAPPS nutrients are applied at just above freezing temperatures from
November to Feb. 15.
November period is preferred for Exactrix® TAPPS when
the ground temperature reaches 35 to 40 degrees. There is very
little chance of leaching nitrogen and the Taproots have reached the
3-4 foot level.
Classic No-Tillage Stand, ready
for the snow trap, and the Great Plains winter winds. The Growth
Regulator is and the Fungicide is on. Mustang Banding with NH3, APP
/ATS and double rates of Thio-Sul® for protein and oil
content, Nutrients TAPPS will be banded when the crop is
proceeding into dormancy or dormant.
cleared a path in very heavy residue.
volunteer grow for now, Grass Control Option, PPG 135, Chemhoe, IPC
and Sevin would be the ideal grass control in the dormant crop in
November, December. Used in the 1980’s for chemical fallow, and
ideal material for winter canola and winter peas. Select will
probably be used in the early spring.
goal, would be to avoid the use of Roundup, and use old chemicals
that did work very well in the 80’s, A least have the
option to use Chemhoe.
TAPPS and TAPPKTS. Mustang Banding Tool Bar, Positive Down pressure
Banding deep at 7 inches with virtually no soil disturbance.
into growing crops with confidence using Exactrix Mustang P-51C and
CUE openers. Shelton, NE, 2,045 feet, 40.48 N.
Winter Canola Direct vs. Swathed in middle to late June at Yuma,
Colorado, 3,950 feet at 40.1 degrees N.
harvesting, irrigated production, may be more effective in allowing
lost seed (wind or hail) to volunteer more evenly for green chop
production in 65 to 90 days.
Heavy swathed rows and hail can result in 10 to 15 bushel of Canola
volunteering in a concentrated area of the swath.
The trend is to harvest Spring and Winter Canola direct to assure
higher oil content and a more efficient harvest scene.
Breeders like Bayer now offer Pod-setter technology in Spring Canola
that improves shatter when harvesting direct.
Bayer does not
offer Winter Canola in North America presently.
Bayer does have Winter Canola in Europe.
Pod-Setter could be a very acceptable and mandatory development on
the Great Plains.
Winter Canola is a good business opportunity for producers on the
Inserting Canola into a 3 year or 4 year rotation is mandatory to
improve winter wheat, corn and Milo yields. Following crops benefit
from the fumigation properties and the improvement in a healthy
crushing plant and large dairies close by does make the pricing
right and advantageous. A similar synergism to ethanol and
distillers grain for beef cows is Canola crush and lactating cows.
The canola crush improves lactating cow’s milk production. There is
a tooling change. Nutrients must be banded and it must be Ammonium
nutrition must be applied in late fall or during dormancy to assure
planter is most likely the best method to establish the crop on 15,
20 or 30 inch spacing. Seed costs can be improved and yields also
improved by spacing the plant about 4 to 5 inches apart.
Monosem planter has been very successful at spacing seed in breeder
production scenarios. The Canola version of the modified Deere
planter is in a fine tuning stage with industry help. Populations of
40,000 to 60,000 will produce good yields in dryland production.
An Idaho Tall
Crop at 7 to 8 feet.
No doubt, a fun crop to raise and understand.
A technical crop requiring training and practice.
Winter Canola is not at all like winter wheat.
Winter Canola is a unique crop meant for the champions of production
agronomy, production economics, and No-till.
Winter Canola is
a competitive and excellent weed control crop that will produce
multiyear results. It is also known as a fumigant, breaking disease
and insect (nematode) cycles.
Genesee, Idaho, 2,835 feet at 46.33 N.
Winter Canola is functional and adaptable on 20 inch and 30 inch
Winter Canola seed should be metered into the soil at about 4 to 5
inch spacing. The plant compensates very well to absorb the light as
the daylight period lengthens.
Winter Canola is much like corn in absorbing light and developing
Winter Canola must have a good start. There is a critical seeding
date and emergence date and thus 99.5 % of the plants must emerge in
the first 4 to 5 days of planting.
High populations of Winter Canola hurt yield and reduce
Winter Canola can be variable rate planted further improving yields
and reducing seed costs.
rainfall pattern of the PNW, Chemfallow Winter Canola stand
establishment can be tricky. St. John, Washington at 2,058 feet at
There must be full emergence in the first 4 to 5 days of planting.
No delay of emergence is allowed, no seed and wait philosophy of
winter wheat seeding.
establishment of Winter Canola as shown is not a good practice to
help expand the acreage and save soil.
Time proven, water injection is required in dryland Chemfallow,
Winter Canola production in the PNW and Kansas.
Thus 30 inch planter spacing makes more sense with water injection
as it requires less water.
Chemical Fallow, a twelve month investment that did not work is
Irrigated production of Winter Canola may also benefit with K-Mag
and water injection.
Bees and Canola
crops pick up about 5% on yield with Honey Bees taking care of their
business for the beekeeper.
Seed Canola Harvest. SHB and Bayer.
quality must be assured to allow top levels of germination. A very
expensive seed. Somewhat like corn.
of InVigor®, Spring Canola. Direct cut for maximum seed quality along
the Spokane River flood plain, an ideal area for breeding canola. A
10,000 year rotation. Previously in pine trees and the geological
outflow of the Lake Missoula Flood of the last Ice Age.
Long Lake Reservoir, Spokane River 1,809 feet at 47.48 N.
Fewer acres of
wheat and more acres of Canola. The market says so.
can greatly enhance Winter Wheat production. Winter Canola is known
for its conservation soil holding capability.
factors are involved in the development of the Great Plains. “The
land was a naked as the back of your hand”, Willa Cather,
pioneer author of the Great Plains, Red Cloud, NE.
and planned. The American Indian helped assure a burnt grass land
prairie with deep grassland soils that had no trees or scrub brush,
a sea of grass allowing up to 60 million Buffalo at the
evolutionary peak on the Great Plains.
Bison or Buffalo…at
about 30 million in 1840 developing the red meat diet of the
aggressive and mean Great Plains Indians. The Buffalo was eliminated
to change their diet and culture.
Buffalo were all gone and the American Indian had a new home in
The plant life.
The Sand Burr which allowed the grassland soils to develop on the
sand hills and the sandy soils of the river plains. Once you have
been introduced to the Sand Burr you will understand.
American Desert was considered the treeless areas east of the Rocky
the pioneer could not build a house or cut firewood. The pioneers
lived in dugouts and sod houses until the wood arrived.
The fire place
was loaded with Buffalo chips.
The area was not
considered habitable until the railroad could deliver the wood from
Wisconsin after the civil war.
railroad accomplished the trade routes to the stock yards and the
Great Plains cattle drives delivered the beef to the expanding
The live cattle
were shipped back to Chicago and the free auction market.
The Buffalo meat
rotted in the sun as the killing season was on.
Wood came west
to Dodge City, KS or Ogallala, Nebraska and domesticated cattle went
east for a good backhaul. Beef is a product of Animal Husbandry and
Land Grant University Cooperative Extension supporting the cattle
Then came the
emphasis on Arbor day (Nebraska) and the expansion of the forested
homesteads onto the Great Plains. The trees followed the railroads
that ran on water grades primarily.
Then came the
wood peckers which were never observed in the far western forest.
The wood peckers followed the telegraph poles.