Why is Winter Wheat Hybridized A Big Deal?
Why is Hybridized Winter Canola Better Than Cover Crop?
Why Hybridized Rye.
Two choices in Wheat Metering for Planters.
Brian Sieker, and Plant Rite 15" Wheat Rows for Vacuum Planter
The last crop
major crop, Wheat gets hybridization of seed almost 100 years after
commercial hybridization was invented.
False start and
not the finish. Hybridized Cargill Bounty
was commercially produced at Ft. Collins, Colorado in the early 1975
to 85 period. Cargill had a long term program.
From 1983 to 1997
Yielder Drills seeded Cargill Bounty Hybrid Wheat and Quantum Hybrid
Winter Wheat across the Great Plains.
It was obvious
additional technologies were required to make Hybrid Winter Wheat
viable as commodity prices dropped into the cellar in 1985. The Farm
Bill of 85 and CRP killed Hybrid Wheat.
Montana, 1983. Yielder 2020 applying 10-34-0, Thio-sul® and 82-0-0.
Pullman, Washington, Yielder Drill
applying MAPS, 16-20-0-14S and 82-0-0
Case 9230, Hillco Leveling, 45 foot header, Col./Wilcox,
Hillco Leveling, 40 foot header, Col./Pennewawa, Washington,.
Low Cost Seed
Rates With Advanced Planters, Seed Row Saturation, H2O in row,
assuring a 95% stand, and Mustang Tool Bars make Hybrid Winter
today at low commodity prices.
Yields can be
increased and fully compensated for higher seed costs. Hybrid Vigor
traits in all crops are known for commercial success. Non-GMO wheat
is entirely possible and yet hybridized.
Solving the Hybrid
Wheat emergence problem with No-tillage and Deep Banding TAPPS
helps. Seed row fertilizer is not used with TAPPS and SRS.
Saturation allows a low seed rate (high cost seed can be used) in
Low OM, High pH soils.
“Hybrid Winter Wheat is a Go” in the
depleted soils of the Great Plains.
The history of Hybrid Wheat.
Yielder 3015 Mustang tool Bar, Liberal, Kansas, Rental Tool Bar
Program with Keating Tractor, Headquarters for Mustang Parts and
service support from Troy Coen.
band fertilization of Winter Wheat has powerful soil saving
economics for Graze Out and Production of Grain.
Wheat, TAM 111 at Hugoton, KS, Bumper Flats.
Your chance to
review…..Testing will be reviewed Feb. 14 and Feb. 15 at Hugoton at
Frontier Farming Days.
Place your bets. GJS
Your Great Plains Reporter,
Guy J Swanson
“See You at Frontier No-Till Farming Days.
and Certified Wheat Seed Works Best with SRS.
SRS on Left on
Seed rate: 15
lbs. and 30 lbs. tested.
SRS, 50 and 100 gallons per acre water per acre on 20 inch.
30 lbs. per acre seed rate shown on 20 inch planted an 10 inch
On 20 inch row
spacing, 360,000 population what is the seed spacing?
indicate….that is .875 inch seed spacing.
Feeders are grazing Certified Wheat Grazing Varieties then it is
important for close in row spacing down to .625 inch.
wheat yield is important with Hybrid Winter Wheat Seed (No Grazing),
spacing of 1.5 inch in 20 inch rows at 180,000 may produce better
for No-till Farmers in Winter Wheat…..Less Straw and more
grain…..The Straw to Grain Ratio is
Big heads on
strong stems with excellent protein.
Time proven in the
PNW Winter Wheat and Dwarf Essex Production.
The chance for a
good no till crop to follow. Soybeans or Sunflowers planted between
20 inch rows.
nutrients. Ability to band TAPPS deep on 20 inch band centers or 10
inch band centers for present
and future crops and a
double crop possibility by using maturity driving phosphate
deep and directly under the row.
efficiency will drive maturity ahead about 10 days….low rates N,
Higher rates P in soil pH to 8.
Also allows foliar
fungicides to be applied on target in Fungicide bands with hooded
Hybrid Wheat is
In South Western
Kansas No-tillage Double Cropping is greatly enhanced when wheat is
planted on 20 inch centers.
compromise in winter wheat production circa ARS testing in
Washington State. Jim Cook, 7-14-21- 28 inch rows
of winter wheat.
A better chance
for a great fall start with Planter Row Cleaners, Depth Control and
SRS and superior stand
Applicable to 15,
18, 20 and 24 inch planters.
Certified Seed production using micro-nutrients and power packing
seed with NPKS and Micros and banding
directly under the seed row….or to
the side of the seed row.
Can be used for
grazing at elevated seed rates.
Why is Hybrid
Winter Wheat a Big Deal? In combination with Exactrix TAPPS and
TAPPKTS, No-tillage Mustang Deep
Banding, No Tillage
Planting with SRS about 150% more cattle can be carried on Graze Out
winter wheat .
Hybrid Rye from
Great Britain/Europe is on test in the US. It is Often planted
earlier than winter wheat. Rye is known for
grazing quality in
Alberta and now Hybrid Rye has feed quality grain.
Winter and Spring Varieties.
Around 25 to 40 T/Ha.
producing about 1/3 more production.
Probably not a volunteer or feral problem, but not confirmed in
Texas and Oklahoma conditions.
Hybrid Rye from KWS.
At Munday, Texas,
Banding Video of Winter Wheat, Pre Plant.
Cows are important
when breeding Hybrid Winter Wheat, Hybrid Winter and Spring Rye, and
Hybrid Winter Canola.
Note: In 1870 to 1880 a calf in Oklahoma
Indian Territory cost 25 cents and two years later it was worth
$25.00. Civil war generals subsidized military pay with large cattle
operations in Oklahoma.
- About 13 million acres of winter wheat
are dedicated to stocker feeders often referred to as Graze Out.
- This is very close to 30% of all acres.
- Light Calves at 250 to 300 lbs. graze
from November to March on nutrient rich winter wheat.
- This 13 million acres disappears from the
production projections by April under drought conditions changing
the market price for wheat.
- Oklahoma and Texas wheat crops become the
swing vote states in Kansas City pricing of Great Plains Winter
- Not always is there a Graze Out of the
Winter Wheat crop.
- Hybrid Winter Wheat with high nutrient
value could reduce the need for corn.
- At Dec. 1 there were 11.7 million cattle
in Feed lots over 1,000 head.
- The herd size is 105 million head and
between 25 million to 33 million head of cattle are slaughtered
for beef annually.
- Healthy replacement heifers and adequate
feed stock determine the size of the American cattle herd.
- Alberta contributes about 5 million head
- Buffalo in 1840 were estimated at 40
TAM 111, Kramer Seed Certified, An SRS start
at Bumper Flats. Jay and Joel McClure.
Will Winter Canola Compete? We are convinced it will.
along the Arkansas River, Deerfield, KS, Triple G Partners. Corn to
Mustang Tool Bar with 49 openers on 15 inch
centers banding 7 inches deep. Operating at 8.4 mph at 1890 rpm with
a 9630 tractor at 1.03 acres per minute.
No-tillage Banding into the stripper header
harvested canopy of 90 bushel winter wheat saving moisture and
allowing a good seed bed for No-till corn in the spring of 2019.
Exactrix TAPPS banded deep to 7 inch depth.
Winter Canola without SRS. Seed Row
Saturation at 50 to 100 gallons per acre of H2O assures a stand of
May 12, 2018
With low grain prices and a
declining wheat acreage, Guy Swanson believes winter canola could
replace a considerable amount of the winter wheat grown in the
western U.S. The result could be higher incomes for no-tillers,
bonus opportunities for turning out a high-quality product and a
dramatic reduction in soil erosion.
The head of Exactrix Systems in
Spokane, Wash., Swanson says a properly fertilized winter canola
crop should gross around $290 with a cash outlay of only $90-$120
per acre. There’s growing demand for the crop, as U.S. food and fuel
processors buy over $700 million of Canadian-grown canola oil, seed
and meal each year.
In Canada, canola is grown on
16 million acres, while the U.S. acreage stands at only 1.7 million
acres. As canola production continues to increase in the western
Canada prairies, so does the percentage of the crop grown with
Trim Erosion Losses
Swanson says replacing 2
million acres of U.S. winter wheat with no-tilled winter canola
could trim soil losses by at least 10 times the amount that occurs
with growing winter wheat. As an example, he maintains that winter
wheat is responsible for 90% of the soil erosion that takes place in
Washington, Oregon and Idaho. This represents 1,500 pounds of lost
topsoil for every bushel of exported wheat from the area.
“When properly implemented,
no-tilling Roundup Ready winter canola drops soil erosion levels
well below the expectations of any other cropping system,” he says.
“Winter canola also offers better returns than winter wheat and
growers can earn bonuses for higher protein and oil content.”
No-Till vs. Summer Fallow
By the 1970s, numerous
oilseed and pulse crops were being seeded in western Canada, of
which canola was the most important. The continued adoption of
no-till, along with both the agronomic and economic benefits of
canola, dramatically changed crop rotation needs and led to the
demise of summer fallow. Suddenly, crop rotations on Canada’s
western prairie farms included more than just growing wheat after
No-tilled or strip-tilled in
30-inch rows, winter canola not only offers a good profit margin,
but protects the soil over the winter much like a cover crop.
Harvest normally takes place 2 weeks ahead of wheat, which spreads
out the harvesting season for growers.
“Winter canola helps build soil
quality and its early establishment protects soils that tend to
erode under winter wheat production,” Swanson says. “Adding winter
canola to a no-till rotation is a paying proposition. No-tilled
wheat and corn yields often jump as much as 10%, as winter canola
helps overcome serious nematode concerns.”
With low wheat prices and
returns, it’s time for U.S. wheat growers to take a closer look at
the many benefits of no-tilling canola.
required for a good stand of Winter Canola. Make sure your planter
can apply 50 to 100 gallons of water.
application of H2O does not produce good stands of Winter Canola
if you are thinking that the pivot water will do the job.
Never attempt using the pivot to irrigate up Winter Canola. All
seedlings must emerge together.
stand establishment without SRS.
For sure five different crop stages to manage plus weeds have equal
access to moisture.
Starve the weeds and feed the crop with SRS.
meters are used for Winter Canola.
Making a Case for Winter Canola
and Swanson Tip For Producers with Nematodes.
“Turn up the Heat” and send the little root feeders and pruners into
Winter Canola can be used a Fumigant Crop…not a Cover Crop….Winter
Canola and Dwarf Essex is a Fumigant Crop with Flexibility.
Canola following Wheat or Triticale under pivots in late July or
Canola as a low cost Fumigant crop at about $7.00 per acre seed
cost at 80,000 population using Hybrid Seed from Rubisco.
As the Winter
Canola goes dormant with freezing nights, Banding deep to 7 inches
and to the side, Mustang Openers will band TAPPS into the Canola
in November and December at Irrigated Corn Production rates of 140
lbs. N as NH3 5 gallons APP or 20 lbs. P and 7 gallons ATS or lbs.
S and 1 lb. Ammoniated zinc, 16-0-0-20 Zn. A rate of 155 lbs. N
as Ammonium, 20 lbs. P and 20 lbs. S and 1lb. Zinc.
As soon as
possible following the cash winter crop plant and establish the
Winter Canola early as possible to increase rooting depth. If the
Winter Canola market is not strong in the Spring kill the Winter
Canola crop and go with Corn on top of Canola Rows. For $7.00 cash
outlay you have whipped up on the Nematodes and you will could
easily have 50 to 100 bushels more corn in the infested areas.
Watch the Corn
Yields jump up another 50% using Winter Canola as Fumigant Crop
with Corn rows on top of Canola Rows. And up for 5 years following
Winter Canola you will observe fumigant responses.
Nematodes into oblivion with Exactrix TAPPS, TAPPKTS and
Fumigation of Winter Canola.
technique will work with Pacific Gold Oriental Mustard which is
high in glucosinolates and can be best utilized after freezing
nights in the Spring cropping mode.
Mustard must be worked into the soil to get the maximum benefit.
Winter Canola is totally different story with rooting depths to 6
to 8 feet by spring time. Winter Canola and Dwarf Essex is tough
to kill. Make sure the Roundup application is on the mark.
At Goodland, KS. Winter Canola Roots can penetrate 8 to 10
feet deep providing up to 5 years of effective fumigation.
Good And Deep
Soils at Goodland.
News about Wheat
From Brian Sieker at Lyons, KS. Built in Ohio. Wheat
A review of Plantrite metering discs.
20 inch spacing.
SRS at 50 to 100 gallons per acre.
All seeds must germinate together in 3 to 4 days,
all plants push together, and send
seminal roots rapidly downward.
The Key Point: Seminal Roots must compete and race to deeper soil
depths at a much faster rate of root elongation. This is Similar
to Hill Planting.
Need about 15 lbs. x 12,300 seeds per
lb...or 184,500 for yield. Double for Grazing or 369,000.
Testing at 10 lbs. to 30 lbs. with
Certified Seed Wheat, TAM 111 was a good choice at Hugoton.
Testing should start at 123,000 seeds per acre and range to
369,000 seeds per acre on 20 inch spacing.
Exactrix Plots a Solution.
Mustang, P-51C openers
banding to 8 inch depths in Winter Wheat and Pre-plant Corn
Production, Ideal for No-till Cotton.
Liquid Streaming Flows are key to
uniformity. Uniform Band Length and Band Width,
Exactly the same on every acre.
“Not all water is the same.”
Ogallala water is high in calcium and there is a lot of water,
more water than all the Great Lakes combined.
TAPPS and TAPPKTS is greatly responsible
for yield increases in cotton.
the bridge and plots the solution of expensive seed and lack of
moisture to germinate on time. The SDI technique requires SRS for
the moisture lines to meet and allow a good stand.
Dryland Cotton is
greatly improved with SRS.
Saturation at 50 to 100 gallons per acre on 20, 30 and 40 inch
spacing sets a new potential yield mark with expensive cotton seed.
TAPPS application improves cotton yield potential with only ammonium
in the production nutrient cycle.
excessive vegetative growth while nitrate application from 32-0-0
hurts overall yield. Known for years, Ammonium or NH3 is superior in
Avoid those spotty stands by improving the germination bet of
Cotton production with SRS.
Discovered, Almost 57% of the cost of raising seed corn had nothing
to do with basic production operations.
Sales Commissions, Promotion, and Risk of Marketing represented the
hidden costs of How To Raise And Sell Seed Corn.
Today Legal Costs would make up a major portion of the
budget and categorized as Risk?
Frontier Farming Days
Feb 14 and
Friday, Feb 15, 2019
No-Till Advanced Demonstrations and Seminars.
Meet your peers and supporters of advanced farming technology.
Share information on reduced production costs with yield
Find the “Mortgage Lifter”, a dynamic shift in your profitability.
Meet the bankers that will finance your change to profitability.
Cotton Nutrients reviewed
with biological inputs and SRS.
Making another $150 per irrigated Corn acre with a simple change.
Your Great Plains Reporter,
Guy J Swanson.