Hybrid Winter Wheat Is Next At Lowest Cost Per Bushel Produced.
Syngenta Pulls Back on North American Hybrid Wheat
Just Like Hybrid
Winter Canola, Hybrid Winter Wheat Fits
20 inch Planter Spacing.
McClure and Son, The Rest of the story Planted 20 inch Winter Wheat Vs.
Drilled 10 inch Winter Wheat at Hugoton KS. TAM 111 is the top end of PPV
Is there a difference planting Winter Wheat vs Seeding Winter wheat using two common types of drill and planter?
Does Seed Row Saturation or SRS help improve stands and yields of planted winter wheat? What is Seed Row Saturation? http://exactrix.com/Broadcast_02_06_2018.html
Does the population of Winter Wheat make a difference at a per acre rate of 15 lbs. or 180,000 population compared to 30 lbs. or 360,000 per acre population?
Does planting on 10 inch with two passes at 180,000 equaling 360,000 per acre population make a difference compared to 20 inch planted spacing at 360,000 per acre population?
Along the Cimarron River on sandy soils, you can observe 10 different row spacing and populations, with SRS plots of Winter Wheat following Hybrid Corn.
Planted September of 2018 with TAM 111, Winter Wheat.
At Hugoton, at Bumper Flats along the Cimarron, No fertilizer was applied ahead or side dressed into the crop with TAPPS or TAPPKTS.
The Winter Wheat leaves have a bronze color from the application of Ally and Solution 32-0-0 at 5 gallons per acre about 1 week prior timeline with freezing nights to follow the application of herbicide and fertilizer over the top.
The weed control was highest quality in observations and row to row consistint and each plot inspection.
The TAM 111
Populations are 180,000 per acre and 360,000 per acre planted or drilled.
A Great Plains semi-mounted Box Drill on 30 feet on 10 inch spacing at 30 feet is compared to a Deere NT 1790 Planter on 20 inch at 40 feet or commonly referred to as 24 row/20.
The Deere Planter was also set up with Seed Row Saturation or SRS at 50 gallons per acre following Exactrix Guidelines.
2 3 4
360,000 Population on 20 inch, Deere 1790 using Double Disc Openers.
This Great Plains visit along the Cimarron River provides an significant visual effect of Jethro Tull’s 1700’s discovery of Horse Hoe Husbandry, this discovery is carried beyond drills by Jay and Joel McClure and on to planters and much higher levels of precision of seed placement.
A similar effect can also be observed with Hill Planting. A similar discovery was made with the Yielder Drill of the 80’s.
Notes on Drill and Planter development.
What did Joel and Jay McClure discover that Jethro Tull also discovered in England around 1700 to 1741, the New Husbandry of Hoe Rows was implemented to the land?
PG Farms at Shelton, NE raises corn yields in the 280 to 290 bushel range using a precision Deere Planter. The Head Row Spacing…of barley is shown….about .6 inches apart appears to be about right in practice…or 360,000 population on 20 inch row spacing.
The hybrid Corn seed is expensive and must be accurately spaced to allow roots to develop rapidly and light to be absorbed efficiently on 30 inch row spacing. Small grains like winter wheat and brewing barley are spaced a lot differently.
Jethro Tull (1674 – 21 February 1741, New Style) was an English agricultural pioneer from Berkshire who helped bring about the British Agricultural Revolution. He perfected a horse-drawn seed drill in 1700 that economically sowed the seeds in neat rows. He later developed a horse-drawn hoe. Tull's methods were adopted by many great landowners and helped to provide the basis for modern agriculture.
Circa 1731 Tull's book upon husbandry also influenced cotton culture in the American Southern Colonies. Tull's system taught that to ensure a sufficient number of plants, they did not just need to increase the quantity of seed, but to plant the seed at regular distances.
The Seed Drill
finished seed drill included a hopper to store the seed, a cylinder to
move it, and a funnel to direct it. A plow at the front created the row,
and a harrow at the back covered the seed with soil. It was the first
agricultural machine with moving parts. It started as a one-man, one-row
device, but later designs sowed seeds in three uniform rows, had wheels,
and were drawn by horses.
The McClure Family is famous for advancements in crop production. The inside track says that Hybrid Winter Wheat from Syngenta is real and will be available in the next few years. Therefore lessons learned in the past with Cargill Bounty Hybrid Wheat requires planting wheat at economically reasonable seed rates (360,000) and use of Seed Row Saturation for a near perfect emergence.
Every wheat seed marches into the light of Great Plains by flushing the Abscisic Acid (Steeping Action) and conjoining the moisture line from the top of the seed trench to the 50% vapor phase moisture line.
Dr. Walter McClure is an Oklahoma State plant breeder of Milo during it’s adaption to the Great Plains in the 60’s. Jay McClure is Walter’s Grandson and is charge of the test plots at Hugoton. KS. Water Injection, A form of SRS was carried with Milo in the 60’s with deep furrow planting of Milo.
April 14, 19 20 inch planted rows at 360,000 population.
The seed germinates evenly and the race begins. The seminal roots race for moisture and nutrients…going deeper and faster than seed that is not correctly spaced or wide spaced…too close together and too far apart the race is not going to happen.
That spacing in tight rows is about the same as the seed spacing in a head of wheat….about .5 to .6 inches apart.
Winter Wheat Plant Breeders call these late seeded rows, Head Rows, where entire heads were planted in hills when the planting date is late.
20 inch wheat at
19 inches in height. Bronze color is damage from Solution 32-0-0. Leaf
burn with over the top application.
This 20 inch vs. 10 inch planted in two passes. Notice the Rotational 20 inch Bands in the 10 inch row spacing. This is 360,000 or 2 times 180,000 population planted winter wheat is not present in the single pass, 20 inch planted 360,000 population spacing.
The roots are deeper in the 20 inch rows. How so…because the wide spacing 20 inch Mustang, deep placed, TAPPS bands are not observable from Corn production of the previous year or Rotational Band Loading. Better roots on the 20 inch rows for sure.
The 20 inch rows are healthier than the 10 inch wheat planted twice at half rate and equaling 360,000 population.
from 20 inch spacing of TAPPS in the previous 2018 corn production.
A great discovery for McClure and Son, Planted Rows on 20 inch have better roots with no previous years banding effects. The roots on 20 inch are explorers of the soil depth and width.
The area between
the 10 inch rows is lighter and about 5 to 8 inches wide visually
indicating lack of root development.
No pre plant banding….no in crop banding and only top dressed 32-0-0 applied with Ally.
Double Planted 10 inch, 188,000 population per pass or 360,000, April 14, 19.
Right next to the 10 inch double planted shown above is the 20 inch rows. A great discovery and highly comparable in this plot work….The 10 inch 40 foot wide plot is offset 10 inch and is planted twice at 180,000 with a planter or 360,000 population.
The 10 inch planted ( 20 inch planter offset 10 inch in the second pass) is about a good stand but shorter by about 4 to 7 inches and slightly lighter in color.
This is somewhere between believable, probable and most likely , a great chance to boost yields with a 20 inch planter.
Hill planting can produce similar results using heads of winter wheat in the late fall.
This is another story for another time and well explained at www.exactrix.com/EWAC.htm JD. Logan, Dick Lloyd and an Idaho Planter Breeder that discovered Head Rows out yield rows of winter wheat of the same breeder stock with a conventional drill techniques. Barley will do the same. http://exactrix.com/Broadcast_04_09_2016.htm
There is an optimum combination of in the row spacing of winter wheat and barely spring or winter using double disc openers that organize the seed in tight narrow rows.
The McClure story is also related to 7.5 to 8.5 pH soils, Calcareous soils eroded by the Dust Bowl of the “Dirty Thirties”.
How TAPPS and TAPPKTS works. Is Rotational Band Loading a big deal?
Calcium is a metal, Magnesium, Aluminum, and Manganese are Metals stored in all soils and interfere with nutrient efficiency in low pH
Metals in the soil sequester Phosphate. When APP,ATS or Thio-Sul®, KTS® is triple super ammoniated with NH3, soil metals like calcium at high pH cannot sequester placed P and that placed TAPPS or TAPPKTS remains crop available for future crops.
Visual nutrient placement of bands in three following crops is observed in almost all cases.
The same is true at low pH soils as discovered by Oklahoma State and Washington State University.
Metals like aluminum and manganese tie up Phosphate at low pH. Sandy soils are very sensitive to a drop in pH.
Thus if the bands are placed deep in the profile at 6 to 9 inch depth the bands remain available for future crops. Rotation Band Loading is the result.
When producers have soils that have high variability in pH, Calcareous Soils or Sandy soils have high variability in pH, Exactrix TAPPS and TAPPKTS works in a superior manner.
Application rates of phosphate are reduced from 100 lbs. of P per acre to 20 lbs. per acre as TAPPS and TAPPKTS and yields go up due to the 1% CV or uniformity of application. Now KTS can be implemented economically with a great leap ahead for all producers.
Potassium Thio-Sulfate, KTS® is up to 100 times more effective than KCL due to the unfavorable chloride carrier.
This often results in $150 per acre more net income in irrigated corn production using TAPPKTS with micros in crystallized format of Exactrix.
Sandy Soils have
a chance, finally a chance to break yield barriers all the way to 300
bushels per acre with TAPPKTS.
Hill planting works, Plant Breeders know that Hill planting crowds the seed and drives survival of the plant.
Hill planting was mechanized
by Dick Llyod and JD Logan. Lewiston, Idaho and Pullman Washington.
Spring Barley Roots compete and race deep fast for moisture and upward go the barley shoots for light….a very effective means in increasing yields is planting spring barley at 12 to 16 high quality seed berries in small area of about 2 inches of lineal length.
A patented was granted to JD Logan, Dick Llyod and an Idaho Plant Breeder for equipment and apparatus.
A Bonus Report:
A 46 year History of No-tillage production and unique openers in winter
wheat and spring wheat.
The Early Years of No-till and the phase out of the plow and tillage system. A major discovery in economics.
When tractors and tillage became the norm of the Great Plains and West of the Continental Divide, circa 1930. More seed rows were implemented to control erosion. Loss of Alfalfa in the rotation was also a major reason more seed rows were needed to control erosion.
Fewer seed rows can only be used effectively with No-Tillage Techniques developed in the early 70’s. This is because erosion control becomes easy in No-till and commercial fertilizer could be used much more effectively.
When commercial fertilizer was utilized the fertilizer complicated the problem since weeds could find the placed and broadcast commercial nutrients and it was thought that more seed rows would out-compete the weeds. This was a natural way of thinking but wrong.
More seed rows made the problem worse since the straw to grain ratio changed for the worse. Too much straw and not enough grain. The horses were gone and straw became a liability in rotations. Short statured wheats were developed but even they developed too much straw when fertilized.
It was discovered in 1974 to 1979 that fewer seed rows (both 9 inch and 18 inch were studied) produced higher yields because No-tillage seed roots were more thrifty with commercial inputs.
Thus No-tillage Seminal Pairs of Roots were further investigated by Dr. Betty Klepper and Dr. Jim Cook, both ARS scientists at Pendleton and Pullman. Producers in No-till reported that No-till allowed roots to grow deeper and faster since the soil was warmer in the winter.
Yes Sir, The No-tillage winter wheat roots elongated and grew deeper and faster. Due to No-till the roots were healthier (virtually no cercosporella root rot) when seed was spaced evenly and closely inside specialized No-tillage offset leading double disc seed openers.
Since 1982, Psuedocercosporella, Strawbreaker footrot or eyespot has become a disease of tillage, No-till acres leaped ahead when producers discovered that Strawbreaker or Eyespot could be controlled or economically reduced if tillage was stopped. Dangerous chemical products designed to kill soil life were implemented in tillage systems in the 80’s.
These products as Mertec (mercury based) and Topsin were eventually declared as too dangerous for the soil life and mankind. Tillage was the problem and No-tillage was the solution.
Why are openers key to high yields?
These first true No-tillage openers were developed and commercialized by Mort and Guy Swanson as the Yielder Drill. The openers actually metered the seed into the soil. A special document is available that explains how this metering seed opener drove seedling health and root development much faster. Ironically the opener blades came from plow coulters with Timken® bearings. Plow Coulters invented the Yielder Drill, how can that be true? There is more to that story.
Most of the Swanson Seed Metering Offset Leading opener and seed metering research was carried out with the USDA 1 Drill, Dr. Verlan Cochran and Dr. Roland Shirman, a weed scientist were the investigators of why this leading disc metering opener worked so well.
When fertilizer placement drills (Pioneer and Yielder Drills) were implemented in 1980 the rules changed again. Fewer seed rows produced higher yields in winter wheat and better profits resulted because only the crop could find the fertilizer in paired row systems of 5/15 and 5/10.
If fertilizer could be trapped in Paired rows of 5/15 spacing yields could be increased to record levels, and in some cases yields doubled in winter wheat and spring wheat from the 1985 to 2005 period.
One Walla Walla Washington field of dryland Yielder® seeded winter wheat field averaged 165 bushels per acre in dryland and some Yielder® seeded Oregon fields reached 185 bushels per acre in smaller high rainfall fields of the Willamette Valley.
The weeds would suffer and the crop would flourish attaining 33% to 100% higher per acre yields in 10 inch average row spacing and 15 inch spacing would produce similar results.
Weeds became easier to control when they were not fertilized. The weeds were not allowed to access commercial and concentrated NPK and S geospatial bands located positionally to indexed seed rows for seminal root access.
Steptoe Butte in the background, “Old Yeller” in 1978 on 18 inch spacing, Urea application, in Palouse Conditions.
A Steptoe is a
geological term and shown in
foothills of the western slope of the Rocky Mountains.
Old Yeller was a fertilizer applicator of Nitrate and later a Urea top dressing system that became obsolete when the Yielder Drill was developed.
Cheat Grass and
Wild Oats go to exponential growth rates with top dressed nutrients.
The evolution of Paired Row 5/10 shown, 5/15 is most popular with a 14 inch dead band. 9 inch is shown.
Meeting your formulation needs.www.exactrix.com/TF.htm
Picking your metering systems.www.exactrix.com/epm.htm
Need more information on advanced crop production.www.exactrix.com/EWAC.htm
For More Information: